stye is a sore and small red bulge near the border of an eyelid. It is caused by an infection at the base of an eyelash. A stye is caused by staphylococcal bacteria. This bacterium is found in the nose and is transferred easily to the eye when you rub first your nose, then your eye.
Normally stye doesn’t damage the eyelids. Most clear up within a few days, even if no treatment is received. However, the infection from one stye can sometimes spread and cause more styes. Rarely, the entire eyelid may become infected. This requires medical treatment, including antibiotics.
The main symptoms of a stye are pain, redness and a swelling on your eyelid. Normally only one stye develops at a time; however, you can have more than one stye at the same time and you may get them on both eyelids. Your eye may water a lot or feel like there is something in it. Depending on whether you have an internal or external stye, you may also get some other symptoms.
With an external stye, you may also notice a yellow, pus-filled spot with a head on it close to the edge of your eyelid. When you touch it, it may feel warm and it’s likely to hurt.
With an internal stye, you may see a red area with a yellow spot on it on the inside of your eyelid when you turn your eyelid inside out. The skin around the swelling may look red. Internal styes usually develop more slowly and are more painful than external styes.
Most styes go away by themselves within a few days or weeks, so treatment isn’t always necessary. However, if your stye doesn’t show any relief, there are several treatments available.
A hot compress is a simple, effective treatment for a stye. Use a towel or face cloth soaked in hot water to make a compress. The compress should feel comfortable on your skin; it shouldn’t be scalding hot. Hold the compress against your eyelid for five to 10 minutes. This will warm the fluids trapped inside your stye encouraging them to drain away. You should use a hot compress three or four times a day until the stye gets better.
Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics and eyedrops if the infection has spread and is affecting other areas of your eye, or if your infection is severe.
If your stye is bigger than the normal one, then, the doctor would pierce into the stye and drain it .You will be given a local anaesthetic for this procedure. Your doctor will pierce the head of your stye from the underside of your eyelid with a needle or blade. This will allow the trapped fluids and infection to be released and the lid to heal.
If you have a small external stye, your doctor may remove an eyelash if the area around it is infected.